Symptoms usually appear suddenly:
- Frequent urination
- Extreme hunger and thirst
- Weakness and tiredness
If you were diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, you're not alone. Yours is the most common type of diabetes and it accounts for approximately 90 percent of the diabetes population. Type 2 diabetes has several causes, including heredity, age, and weight. Like most people with Type 2 diabetes, your body probably makes enough insulin, but you're just not able to use it properly. You'll find that watching what you eat, losing weight and Weight loss exercising frequently can help you manage Type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes usually develops slowly, with symptoms and complications developing over time. Often no symptoms are present when Type 2 is diagnosed. Once thought of as an adult disease, Type 2 diabetes is being increasingly diagnosed in younger people.
- Feeling tired
- Blurred vision
- Dry, itchy skin
- Increased hunger and thirst
- Increased urination
- Tingling or loss of feeling in hands or feet
- Non-healing infections of skin, vagina and/or bladder
- Vaginal yeast infections
If gestational diabetes is diagnosed, your doctor will help you manage the disease before and after the baby is born. If you've been diagnosed, you can have some comfort in the fact that it can be managed with diet, exercise, and possibly insulin.
Gestational diabetes is more likely to occur in women who are overweight and/or older. Be aware that between 35 - 50 percent of women who develop gestational diabetes will later develop Type 2 diabetes. Maintaining a healthy body weight decreases the risk.
Impaired glucose tolerance and impaired fasting glucose (pre-diabetes)
According to the Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus*, impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) are considered to be prediabetic conditions, and these conditions may be reversible.
IGT is a condition in which the blood sugar level is elevated (between 140 and 199 mg/dL in a 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test**), but not high enough to be classified as diabetes.
IFG is a condition in which the fasting blood sugar level is elevated (between 100 and 125 mg/dL after an overnight fast***) but is not high enough to be classified as diabetes.
Pre-diabetes is a warning sign that your body is vulnerable to developing diabetes. To prevent and/or delay the onset of diabetes, discuss food choices, regular physical activity and other healthy lifestyle changes with your health care team.
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